پایان نامه ارشد درباره Persian Gulf، interest، Geopolitics، Regional security

U of Human Ecology
Universiti Putra Malaysia
(Member)
Zaid B. Ahmad, PhD
Associate professor
Faculty of Human Ecology
Universiti Putra Malaysia
(Member)
BUJANG BIN KIM HUAT, PhD
Professor and Dean
School of Graduate Studies
Universiti Putra Malaysia
Date:
DECLARATION
I declare that the thesis is my original work except for quotations and citations which have been duly acknowledged. I also declare that it has not been previously, and is not concurrently, submitted for any other degree at Universiti Putra Malaysia or at any other institution.
___________________________________
SEYED MOHSEN MIRHOSSEINI
Date: 13 December 2012
TABLE OF CONTENT
Page
ABSTRACT iii
ABSTRAK vii
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS x
APPROVAL xi
DECLARATION xiii
TABLE OF CONTENT xiv
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS xxi
CHAPTER
۱ INTRODUCTION ۱
۱.۱ Introduction ۱
۱.۲ Background of the Study ۲
۱.۲.۱ The Importance of the Persian Gulf Geopolitics ۳
۱.۲.۲ U.S. attempts to build a security system for the Persian Gulf ۸ ۸
۱.۲.۳ Feature of the region after U.S. attack of Iraq ۱۰
۱.۳ Problem statement ۱۲
۱.۴ Research aims and Objectives ۱۳
۱.۵ Research questions ۱۴
۱.۶ Significance of the study ۱۴
۱.۷ Scope and limitation of the study ۱۸
۱.۸ Theoretical Framework ۱۹
۱.۹ Definition of Terms ۲۴
۱.۹.۱ Regional security ۲۴
۱.۹.۲ Regional Security Complex (RSC) ۲۵
۱.۹.۳ Balance of Power ۲۶
۱.۹.۴ Persian Gulf ۲۷
۱.۹.۵ Arab Gulf ۲۷
۱.۹.۶ Unofficial policy ۲۸
۱.۹.۷ Regime ۲۹
۱.۱۰ Methodology ۲۹
۱.۱۰.۱ Research data collection methods ۳۰
۱.۱۰.۲ Research Designs and Methods ۳۱
۱.۱۰.۳ Sources of available Data ۳۱
۱.۱۰.۴ Techniques for collecting and analyzing data ۳۲
۲ LITERATURE REVIEW ۳۴
۲.۱ Introduction ۳۴
۲.۲ Regional security ۳۶
۲.۳ Evolving of the Persian Gulf Security Regimes ۴۷
۲.۴ Alternative Security Frameworks for the Persian Gulf ۵۶
۲.۵ Iran’s Persian Gulf policy ۶۴
۲.۶ Conclusion ۶۷
۳ THE EVOLUTION OF THE U.S. POLICIES TOWARDS IRAN ۶۹
۳.۱ Introduction ۶۹
۳.۲ Background ۷۰
۳.۳ The Geography and Geopolitics of the Persian Gulf ۷۱
۳.۳.۱ The Persian Gulf Geographic Confines ۷۳
۳.۳.۲ Geopolitics of the Persian Gulf ۷۵
۳.۳.۳ Local Geography ۷۶
۳.۳.۴ Classification of the Persian Gulf states ۷۹
۳.۴ Great Britain’s presence in the Persian Gulf ۸۰
۳.۵ British withdrawal from Persian Gulf ۸۱
۳.۵.۱ The American reactions to British withdrawal ۸۳
۳.۵.۲ Regional states reactions regarding British withdrawal ۸۴
۳.۶ American arrival in the Persian Gulf ۸۵
۳.۶.۱ American policy objectives in Iran ۸۶
۳.۶.۲ The U.S. interests in the Persian Gulf ۸۸
۳.۶.۳ Reasons of American indirect presence after Britain withdrawal ۹۰
۳.۷ The policy of Twin pillar by Nixon administration ۹۲
۳.۷.۱ Areas of cooperation between Iran and US ۹۹
۳.۷.۲ US military assistance to Iran ۱۰۱
۳.۸ Carter Doctrine ۱۰۴
۳.۸.۱ USCENTCOM in the Persian Gulf region ۱۰۹
۳.۹ The policy of Dual containment (the policy of Clinton’s administration – Clinton’s Doctrine) ۱۱۱
۳.۹.۱ Basic codes of the dual containment policy ۱۱۴
۳.۹.۲ Factors of supporting Dual Containment Policy ۱۱۵
۳.۹.۳ Implementation of the Dual containment policy toward Iran ۱۱۷
۳.۹.۴ Implementation of the Dual containment policy toward Iraq ۱۱۹
۳.۱۰ Establishment of the [Persian] Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) ۱۲۱
۳.۱۰.۱ Introduction ۱۲۱
۳.۱۰.۲ Previous Efforts for cooperation and alliance ۱۲۱
۳.۱۰.۳ Declared and undeclared objectives of the GCC ۱۲۳
۳.۱۰.۴ The main concerns of GCC states regarding the Islamic Republic of Iran ۱۲۵
۳.۱۰.۵ Interaction between the GCC states and the U.S. ۱۲۷
۳.۱۰.۷ Military abilities of the GCC state ۱۳۰
۳.۱۰.۸ A turning point at Doha summit ۱۳۳
۳.۱۱ Conclusion ۱۳۵
۴ EVALUATION OF THE U.S. POLICIES IN PERSIAN GULF ۱۳۶
۴.۱ Introduction ۱۳۶
۴.۲ Evaluation of the “Twin Pillars Policy” ۱۳۷
۴.۳ Evaluation of the “Carter Doctrine” ۱۳۹
۴.۴ Evaluation of the Regan Doctrine ۱۴۳
۴.۵ Evaluation of the “George Herbert Walker Bush” Policy ۱۴۶
۴.۶ Evaluation of the “Dual Containment Policy” ۱۴۹
۴.۶.۱Evaluating the methods of containment ۱۵۸
۴.۷ Evaluation of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) policy ۱۵۹
۴.۸ evaluation of George W. Bush Policy ۱۶۵
۴.۹ Islamic Republic of Iran’s Policies towards the United States ۱۷۴
۴.۹.۱ The Khatami phenomenon and Iran’s foreign policy ۱۷۷
۴.۱۰ Conclusion ۱۸۰
۵ FINDINGS AND DISCUSSIONS ۱۸۲
۵.۱ Introduction ۱۸۲
۵.۲ Securing the Persian Gulf as a neo-conservative thought ۱۸۳
۵.۳ Schools of Thought about Iran ۱۸۴
۵.۴ The Persian Gulf Remains as the World’s Energy Supply ۱۸۵
۵.۵ Dilemmas in U.S. Persian Gulf Policies ۱۸۷
۵.۶ Regional Security Structures as Possible Options ۱۹۲
۵.۶.۱ Potential Models (samples) for the Persian Gulf ۱۹۵
۵.۶.۲ Parameters of Formulating a New Security Structure for the Region ۱۹۷
۵.۶.۳ Essential pre-structure for Security building in the Persian Gulf region ۱۹۸
۵.۷ Interaction of the GCC Regarding Iran ۱۹۹
۵.۷.۱ GCC and the Iran-Iraq War ۲۰۳
۵.۷.۲ The difficulties facing GCC states ۲۰۴
۵.۷.۳ The American Congress and weapons sales to the GCC ۲۰۵
۵.۸ Sources of Conflict in the Persian Gulf Region: Penetration and Resistance ۲۰۷
۵.۹ Oil is the main interest but not the unique interest ۲۰۸
۵.۱۰ Major Problem Regarding the U.S. in the Persian Gulf ۲۰۹
۵.۱۱ Conclusion ۲۱۴
۶ SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS, AND IMPLICATIONS ۲۱۵
۶.۱ Introduction ۲۱۵
۶.۲ Summary ۲۱۵
۶.۳ Conclusion ۲۱۹
۶.۳.۱ GCC needs a new security arrangement ۲۲۰
۶.۳.۲ Mutual understanding of the U.S. and Iran ۲۲۳
۶.۳.۳ Disengaging from the region ۲۲۵
۶.۳.۴ The New Regional Security Arrangement ۲۲۷
۶.۴ Implications (theory and practice) ۲۳۲
۶.۵ Recommendation for future research ۲۳۴
REFERENCES ۲۳۶
BIODATA OF STUDENT ۲۵۴
LIST OF PUBLICATIONS ۲۵۵
LIST OF TABLES
Table Page
۱: World Conventional Oil Production 6
۲: the United States oil imports

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